ENGINEERING

THE SEVEN SI BASE UNITS

in 1960 the Conference Generale des Poids et Mesures ( CGPM ), which is the international
authority on the metric system, accepted a universal, practical system of units and gave it 
the name Le Systeme International d'Unites with the abbreviation SI.

 

Since then, this most modern and simplest form of the metric system was introduced throughout the world and by 1970's more than 20 countries, including established metric countries, passed legislation adopting the SI system as their only legal system with numerous countries following their example. 

  Quantity     Name    Symbol              Definition (CGPM)

ength metre m The metre is the length equal to 1 650763,73 wavelengths in vacuum of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the levels 2 p10 and 5 d5, of the krypton-86 atom.[ 11th CGPM (1960), Resolution 6.]
mass kilogram kg The kilogram is the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram recognised by the CGPM and in the custody of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sevres, France. 
[ 1 st CGPM (1889).]
time second s The second is the duration of 9 192631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium-133 atom. [13th CGPM (1967), Resolution 1]
electric current ampere A The ampere is that constant current which, if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of cu rrent infinite length, of negligible circular cross-section, and placed one metre apart in vacuum would produce . between these conductors a force equal to 2 x 10-7 newton per metre of length. [CIPM (1946), Resolution 2, approved by the 9th CGPM (1948).]
thermo- dynamic temper-ature kelvin K The kelvin, unit of thermodynamic temperature, is the fraction 1/273,16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. [13th CGPM (1967), Resolution 4 ]
amount of substance mole mol The mole is the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as there are atoms in 0,012 kg of carbon 12. [14th CGPM (1971), Resolution 3.]
luminous intensity candela cd The candela is the luminous intensity, in the perpendicular direction of a surface of 1/600000 square metre of a blackbody at the temperature of freezing platinum under a pressure of 101 325 newtons per square metre. [13th CGPM (1967), Reso'n 5.]


NOTES:
(i) The unit kelvin and its symbol K are also used to indicate temperature intervals or temperature differences. Besides thermodynamic temperature (symbol T), expressed in kelvins, Celsius temperature (symbol t) is also used. Celsius temperature is defined by the equation: t = T - T0 where T0 = 273,15 K by definition. Celsius temperature is in general expressed in degrees Celsius (symbol oC). The unit "degree Celsius" is therefore equal to the unit "kelvin" and an interval or difference in Celsius temperature is also expressed in degrees Celsius (oC). Note that the Celsius temperature of the triple point of water is 0,01 oC, which accounts for the factor 273,16 in the definition of the kelvin. 


(ii) Whenever the mole is used, the elementary entities must be specified, and may be atoms, molecules, ions, electrons, other particles or specified groups of such particles. 


(iii) With the object of removing the ambiguity which still occurred in the common use of the word "weight", the 3rd CGPM (1901) declared: "The kilogram is the unit of mass [and not of weight or of force]; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram." 

Scientific Notation (i.e. what is 1.00E+09)

FACTOR
...or in full ...
or in
words
SI 
PREFIX
SI 
SYMBOL
1,0E+24
1,0E+21
1,0E+18
1,0E+15
1,0E+12
1,0E+9
1,0E+6
1,0E+3
1,0E+2
1,0E+1
1,0E-1
1,0E-2
1,0E-3
1,0E-6
1,0E-9
1,0E-12
1,0E-15
1,0E-18 
1,0E-21
1,0E-24
1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000
1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000
1 000 000 000 000 000 000
1 000 000 000 000 000
1 000 000 000 000
1 000 000 000 
1 000 000
1 000
100
10
0,1
0,01
0,001
0,000 001
0,000 000 001
0,000 000 000 001
0,000 000 000 000 001
0,000 000 000 000 000 001
0,000 000 000 000 000 000 001
0,000 000 000 000 000 000 000 001
septillion
sextillion
quintillion
quadrillion
trillion
billion
million
thousand
hundred
ten
tenth
hundredth
thousandth
millionth 
billionth 
trillionth 
quadrillionth
quintillionth
sextillionth
septillionth
yotta-
zetta-
exa-
peta-
tera-
giga-
mega-
kilo-
hecto-
deca-
deci-
centi-
milli-
micro-
nano-
pico-
femto-
atto- 
zepto-
yocto-
Y
Z
E
P
T
G
M
k
h
da
d
c
m
µ
n
p
f

z
y

 

Note: A very common mistake is that the prefix milli- stands for a millionth.
WRONG!!

 
As can be seen from the table above, milli stands for a thousandth. It comes from the French, mille for 1000 - they could not use it for the 1000 prefix as that was bagged by the Greek word, kilo


Note: The prefix hecto- to centi- are not 'preferred prefix' but referred to as 'other prefix' by SI, though centi- is in common use as in cubic centimetre or cc.
Le Système International d'Unités (SI) name the prefix giga and nano, milliard and milliardth respectivly. The wording shown here was approved by the General Conference on Weights and Measures and has been adopted in practice.


The scientific notation used in the factors column helps to reduce long numbers to a manageable width. By convention, the number is always shown as a unit [ 1 to 9 ], with decimal places chosen to suit accuracy, and the size of the number is adjusted by changing the magnitude [E+?]. E+01 means moving the decimal point one space to the right so 1.00E+01 is shorthand for 10, then 1.33E+00 stays at 1.33 and 1.33E-01 becomes 0.133. This format tends to be used when the figure gets longer so E+09 or E-09 cuts out a lot of noughts.

Don't confuse scientific notation with powers. You can say, quite rightly, that a million is 10 to the power of 6 [ 10^6 or  ] but if you confused it with the scientific notation and had 1^7 the answer would be 1 and not a million ! [ you say one times one is one, seven times, and the answer is still one ] 

So it's all a matter of conventions - if we all follow the same rules then the information is passed correctly from one brain to another which is, after all, the object of writing something down.

 

4 Tables of SI Derived Units

 

SI DERIVED UNITS EXPRESSED IN TERMS OF SI BASE UNITS AND

SI SUPPLEMENTARY UNITS

 

        Quantity                                             Name                                       Symbol

acceleration metre per second squared m/s²
angular acceleration radian per second squared rad/s²
angular momentum kilogram metre squared per second kg•m²/s
angular velocity radian per second rad/s
area square metre
cœfficient of linear expansion 1 per kelvin K ¯¹
concentration (of amount of substance) mole per cubic metre mol/m³
density kilogram per cubic metre kg/m³
diffusion cœfficient metre squared per second m²/s
electric current density ampere per square metre A/m²
exposure rate (ionising radiation) ampere per kilogram A/kg
kinematic viscosity metre squared per second m²/s
luminance candela per square metre cd/m²
magnetic field strength ampere per metre A/m
magnetic moment ampere metre squared A•m²
mass flow rate kilogram per second kg/s
mass per unit area kilogram per square metre kg/m²
mass per unit length kilogram per metre kg/m
molality mole per kilogram mol/kg
molar mass kilogram per mole kg/mol
molar volume cubic metre per mole m³/mol
moment of inertia kilogram metre squared kg•m²
moment of momentum kilogram metre squared per second kg•m²/s
momentum kilogram metre per second kg•m/s
radioactivity (disintergration rate) 1 per second s¯¹
rotational frequency 1 per second s¯¹
specific volume cubic metre per kilogram m³/kg
speed metre per second m/s
velocity metre per second m/s
volume cubic metre
wave number 1 per metre m¯¹


 

 

SI SUPPLIMENTARY UNITS


QUANTITY      NAME       SYMBOL           DEFINITION

 

plane angle radian rad The radian is the plane angle between two radii of a circle which cut off on the circumference an arc equal in length to the radius
solid angle steradian sr The steradian is the solid angle which, having it's vertex in the centre of a sphere, cuts off an area of the surface of the sphere equal to that of a square with sides of length equal to the radius of the sphere.

 


 

SI DERIVED UNITS WITH SPECIAL NAMES


         Quantity                                Name            Symbol         SI Unit               Expression in SI Base Un

 

admittance siemens S ohm¯¹ m¯²•kg¯¹•s³•A²
capacitance farad F C / V m¯²•kg¯¹•s^4•A²
conductance siemens S ohm¯¹ m¯²•kg¯¹•s³•A²
electrical resistance ohm ohm V / A m²•kg•s¯³•A¯²
electric charge coulomb C A•s s•A
electric flux coulomb C A•s s•A
electric potential volt V W / A m²•kg•s¯³•A¯¹
electromotive force volt V W / A m²•kg•s¯³•A¯¹
energy joule J N•m m²•kg•s¯²
energy flux watt W J/s m²•kg•s¯³
flux of displacement coulomb C A•s s•A
force newton N kg•m/s² m•kg•s¯²
frequency hertz Hz s¯¹ s¯¹
illuminance lux lx lm/m² m¯²•cd•sr
impedance ohm ohm V / A m²•kg•s¯³•A¯²
inductance henry H Wb/A (V•s/A) m²•kg•s¯²•A¯²
luminous flux lumen lm cd•sr cd•sr
magnetic flux weber Wb V•s m²•kg•s¯²•A¯¹
magnetic flux density tesla T Wb/m² kg•s¯²•A¯¹
magnetic induction tesla T Wb/m² kg•s¯²•A¯¹
magnetic polarization tesla T Wb/m² kg•s¯²•A¯¹
permeance henry H Wb/A (V•s/A) m²•kg•s¯²•A¯²
potential difference volt V W / A m²•kg•s¯³•A¯¹
power watt W J/s m²•kg•s¯³
pressure pascal Pa N/m² m¯¹•kg•s¯²
quantity of electricity coulomb C A•s s•A
quantity of heat joule J N•m m²•kg•s¯²
reactance ohm ohm V / A m²•kg•s¯³•A¯²
stress pascal Pa N/m² m¯¹•kg•s¯²
susceptance siemens S ohm¯¹ m¯²•kg¯¹•s³•A²
weight newton N kg•m/s² m•kg•s¯²
work joule J N•m m²•kg•s¯²


 

 

NOTES to ABOVE TABLE:

• The expressions in the fourth coulumn represent the definitions of the respective units in symbolic form. For instance, the quantity force is defined as the product of mass and acceleration (F=m•a) so the definition of the unit of force, the newton (N) is given by 1 N = 1 kg•m/s²
• Mechanical energy must not be expressed in newton metres (N•m) but only in joules (J). The former unit is used only for torque or moment of force.
• In the expressions for the lumen (lm) and lux (lx) in the fifth column, the steradian (sr) is treated as a base unit.

 

 

 

SI DERIVED UNITS EXPRESSED IN TERMS OF SI DERIVED UNITS WITH SPECIAL NAMES AS WELL AS SI BASE UNITS (ie. the lot!)


      Quantity                                              Name                                                 Symbol         Exp in terms of SI

 

absorbed dose joul per kilogram J/kg m²•s¯²
cœfficient of heat transfer watt per metre squared kelvin W/m²•K kg•s¯³•K¯¹
conductivity siemens per metre S/m m¯³•kg¯¹•s³•A²
dialectric polarization coulomb per square metre C/m² m¯²•s•A
displacement coulomb per square metre C/m² m¯²•s•A
dynamic viscosity pascal second Pa•s m¯¹•kg•s¯¹
electric charge density coulomb per cubic metre C/m³ m¯³•s•A
electric dipole moment coulomb metre C•m m•s•A
electric field strength volt per metre V /m m•kg•s¯³•A¯¹
energy density joul per cubic metre J/m³ m¯¹•kg•s¯²
entropy joule per kelvin J/K m²•kg•s¯²•K¯¹
exposure (ionizing radiation) coulomb per kilogram C/kg kg¯¹•s•A
heat capacity joule per kelvin J/K m²•kg•s¯²•K¯¹
heat flux density watt per square metre W /m² kg•s¯³
magnetic dipole moment weber metre Wb•m m³•kg•s¯²•A¯¹
molar energy joule per mole J/mol m²•kg•s¯²•mol¯¹
molar entropy joule per mole kelvin J/mol•K m²•kg•s¯²•K¯¹•mol¯¹
molar heat capacity joule per mole kelvin J/mol•K m²•kg•s¯²•K¯¹•mol¯¹
moment of force newton metre N•m m²•kg•s¯²
permeability henry per metre H/m m•kg•s¯²•A¯²
permittivity farad per metre F/m m¯³•kg¯¹•s^4•A²
radiant intensity watt per steradian W /sr m²•kg•s¯³•srl¯¹
reluctance 1 per henry H¯¹ m¯²•kg¯¹•s²•A²
resistivity ohm metre ohm•m m³•kg•s¯³•A¯²
specific energy joule per kilogram J/kg m²•s¯²
specific entropy joule per kilogram kelvin J/kg•K m²•s¯²•K¯¹
specific heat capacity joule per kilogram kelvin J/kg•K m²•s¯²•K¯¹
specific latent heat joule per kilogram J/kg m²•s¯²
surface charge density coulombe per square metre C/m² m¯²•s•A
surface tension newton per metre N/m kg•s¯²
thermal conductivity watt per metre kelvin W /m•K m•kg•s¯³•K¯¹
torque newton metre N•m m²•kg•s¯²
NOTES to the ABOVE TABLE:
• In the interests of uniformity it is preferable to define, as far as possible, the SI derived units in accordance with the combinations given in the above tables. This does not, however, exclude the possibility of using other equivalent combinations in special cases. In education, for example, it may be convenient to define electric field strength initially in terms of the force experienced by unit charge and to use the corresponding unit newton per coulomb (N/C) instead of volt per metre (V/m). Note that:- 1 V/m = 1 W/A•m = 1 N•m•/s•A•m = 1 N/C.

• Torque of moment of force should not be expressed in joules (J) but only in newton metres (N•m)

• The values of certain so-called dimensionless quantities such as index of refraction, relative permeability and relative permittivity are expressed as pure numbers. Each of these quantities does have an SI unit but this consists of the ratio of two identical SI units and thus may be expressed by the number 1.

 

MASS

The mass of over 30 different metals and alloys are listed below. While the data is useful for design, individual samples will differ. Impurities will often have an influence.

A 1000kg of pure water = 1 cubic metre. Pure water was chosen as the 'base line' for specific gravity and given the value of 1. The specific gravity of all other materials are compared to water as a fraction heavier or lighter density. For example, 
beryllium has a specific gravity (sg) of 1.84 (1840 kg/cu.m) 


As specific gravity is just a comparison, it can be applied across any units. The density of pure water is also 62.4 lbs/cu.ft (pounds per cubic foot) and if we know that a sample of alumimium has a sg of 2.5 then we can calculate that its density is 2.5 x 62.4 = 156 lbs/cu.ft.


Note, kg/cu.m divided by 16.02 = lbs/cu.ft

 

Metal or alloy kg/cu.m
aluminium - melted 2560 - 2640
aluminium bronze (3-10% Al) 7700 - 8700
aluminium foil 2700 -2750
antifriction metal 9130 -10600
beryllium 1840
beryllium copper 8100 - 8250
brass - casting 8400 - 8700
brass - rolled and drawn 8430 - 8730
bronze - lead 7700 - 8700
bronze - phosphorous 8780 - 8920
bronze (8-14% Sn) 7400 - 8900
cast iron 6800 - 7800
cobolt 8746
copper 8930
delta metal 8600
electrum 8400 - 8900
gold 19320
iron 7850
lead 11340
light alloy based on Al 2560 - 2800
light alloy based on Mg 1760 - 1870
magnesium 1738
mercury 13593
molybdenum 10188
monel 8360 - 8840
nickel 8800
nickel silver 8400 - 8900
platinum 21400
plutonium 19800
silver 10490
steel - rolled 7850
steel - stainless 7480 - 8000
tin 7280
titanium 4500
tungsten 19600
uranium 18900
vanadium 5494
white metal 7100
zinc 7135

 

 

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To use in our Annual Planner for better projects….

 

January

1 New Year's Day

26 Indian Republic Day

27 Family Literacy Day

February

 6 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

12 Darwin Day

14 Valentine's Day

28 National Science Day

March

6 World Glaucoma Day

8 International Women's Day

22 World Water Day

23 World Meteorological Day

24 World Tuberculosis Day

April

7 World Health Day

17 International Hemophilia Day

20 National Pot Day

22 Earth Day

May

1 May Day

4 Annual Hike for Hospice Palliative Care

5 International Day of the Midwife

6 International No Diet Day

8 World Red Cross Day

10 WHO, Move for Health Day

11 Mother's Day

12 International Nursing Day

12 Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome National Awareness Day

15 International Day of Families

17 Telecommunication Day

22 International Day for Biological Diversity

22 International Day for Biological Diversity

31 World No-Tobacco Day

June

1 National Cancer Survivors Day

2 International World's Whore Day

4 Clean Air Day

5 World Environment Day

8 World Ocean Day

14 World Blood Donor Day or World Health Organization

21 National Aboriginal Day

26 International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

July

11 World Population Day

August

12 International Youth Day

15 Indian Independence Day

September

12 World Rubber Day

15 Engineers Day (Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya BirthDay)

October

1st Monday - World habitat day

2 Mahatma Gandhi Birthday

November

11 Armistice Day (also Remembrance Day)

11 Veterans Day

14 Children Day in India

20 International Osteoporosis Day

22 Day of Singers& Musicians

December

1 World AIDS Day

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Jaycees can be called an organisation of opportunities. The opportunities available within Jaycees are co numerous, it could take a life time to grasp them all. Most members select those which cater to their particular needs and make the most of them.


Basically, there are five areas of opportunities within the organization individual, Management, Community, International and Business. Projects are conducted each area. As the members work on these projects, they encounter opportunities for total development.

Individual Opportunities
Opportunities for personal development are offered under the individual development area. Seminars, such as leadership in Action, Personal Dynamics, Effective Communication, and Goal Setting help members to speak effectively. Learn leadership skills, improve their communication abilities and enhance their personal development.

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The management area provides Opportunity for the development of managerial skills through learning, LOM management. It deals with finances, records, recognition, membership growth, retention, marketing and public relations. Members have the chance to work on fund- raising projects.

Milestones of Jaycees

Each year new and exciting advancements and decisions are made in the organization which is today named Junior Chamber International (JCI). As it is impossible to list them all, the following are the events and years in which they occurred, which we truly regard as landmarks in the history of our worldwide organization.

 

1910
The organization began in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. The founder, Henry Giessenbier, had formed the Herculaneum Dance Club with the purpose of bringing about the social elevation of its members.

 

1915 
The first step towards the creation of the Jaycee movement was taken when 32 young men met at the Mission Inn in St. Louis on 13 October 1915 to form the Young Men's Progressive Civic Association with Giessenbier as its president.

 

1916
In August, the organization's name was changed to Junior Citizens, and it was at this time that the initials "JC" were first employed.

 

1920
On the 21st and 22nd January, the first national organization, the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce (USJCC) was formed. Twenty-nine clubs around the nation were in attendance and elected Henry Giessenbier as the first national president.

 

1920-44
The Jaycee movement crossed international borders. Organizations were formed in many countries including Canada, England, Mexico, New Zealand, Australia and Colombia. The Junior Chamber momement came to Canada in 1923 with the formation of its first chapter, the Young Men's Section of the Winnipeg Board of Trade.

 

Many actions were taken to form Junior Chamber International, including the creation of the International Executive Council of Junior Chambers of Commerce formed at the Olympic Games in 1932.

 

1944
Junior Chamber International was born in Mexico City, Mexico during 7 to 11 December. Witnesses to the birth of the organization were 30 delegates from North and Central America. Raul Garcia Vidal was elected the first president.

 

1946
In February, the first JCI World Congress was held in Panama City, Panama, with an attendance of 44 delegates from 16 countries. At this time, a Constitution was drafted. Also this year a young Jaycee member, Mr. C. William 'Bill' Brownfield, authored the Jaycee Creed.

1952
The JCI Senate was formed through the efforts of Phil Pugsley, the 1951 JCI president, at the 7th JCI World Congress in Melbourne, Australia.

 

1953
The first permanent World Headquarters was established at the United States Jaycees War Memorial Headquarters Building in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and Philip Van Slyck was hired as JCI's first full-time Secretary General.

 

1955 
The rapidly growing World Headquarters moved to its own building in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.

 

1969
The current World Headquarters was built in Coral Gables, Florida, USA to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Junior Chamber International.

 

1972
At the 38th JCI World Congress in Taipei, the organization's name was changed from Junior Chamber International to Jaycees International.

 

1983
Honorees were recognized at the first Outstanding Young Persons ceremony at the 38th JCI World Congress in Taipei, Taiwan.

 

1988
At the 39th JCI World Congress in Sydney, Australia, the organization's name was again changed from Jaycees International to Junior Chamber International.

 

1989
1989 was an historic year for JCI as services were extended to the Eastern Bloc countries of Estonia (USSR), Poland and Hungary.

JCI - Declaration of Principles

"We believe:
That faith in God gives meaning and purpose to human life;
That the brotherhood of man transcends the sovereignty of nations;
That economic justice can best be won by free men through free enterprise;
That government should be of laws rather than of men;
That earth's great treasure lies in human personality;
And that service to humanity is the best work of life."

 

The year was 1946; the place, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.A.; the event, the United States Junior Chamber National Convention. Visitors came from Canada, Mexico, South America, Europe and the Philippine Islands. It was here that the idea of a JCI creed was born. The Creed is now called the JCI Declaration of Principles.

 

Past President of the Ohio Junior Chamber and National Vice President of the United States Junior Chamber C. William Brownfield realized at this convention that the organization did not have a creed. He was inspired by the devotion of Junior Chamber members "to the purpose of serving mankind in a thousand different ways, right down at the grass roots where freedom lives or dies."

 

Brownfield saw Junior Chamber as "the potential for a new force in the world, one capable of changing the balance between victory or defeat for our chosen way of life in a time of crisis."

 

The actual writing of the Declaration of Principles took place in July 1946 during a drive from Brownfield's hometown of Columbus, Ohio, to his coal mine in New Lexington, a journey of about 75 minutes. He started that journey with a firm conviction in his mind to work on the Declaration of Principles. It was during that trip that the following words came to mind and were put on paper:

 

The brotherhood of man transcends the sovereignty of nations.
Economic justice can best be won by free men through free enterprise.
Government should be of laws rather than of men.
Earth's great treasure lies in human personality.
Service to humanity is the best work of life.

 

In 1950 the first line, "We believe that faith in God gives meaning and purpose to human life." was added.

 

Since it was written, Junior Chamber members all over the world recite the JCI Declaration of Principles at local, national and international meetings and functions. During that time there has been much discussion of the interpretation of this document. The author himself said, "Every Member is free to interpret it in the light of his own conscience."

 

The following interpretation is based on Brownfield's own views and what is commonly believed and understood to be the meaning of the Declaration of Principles to the organization.


BROWNFIELD’S INTERPRETATION OF THE JCI DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES


"We believe . . . " Everyone must believe in some ideal, principle or philosophy. To believe is to practice what is believed to be true.

 

" . . . That faith in God gives meaning and purpose to human life . . . " "God" here does not refer to any specific religious God, but to a supreme omnipotence. It does not matter who or what your God is; the line is just saying that you must believe in something. Brownfield interpreted it in this way: "The Junior Chamber membership, drawn from many religious backgrounds, is united by a common bond of faith; that man lives by the will of (his/her) God, that God's will for man is good; and that the life worthwhile is lived in harmony with His eternal plan."

 

" . . . That the brotherhood of man transcends the sovereignty of nations . . . " This line breaks down all the boundaries that have been imagined by mankind. It simply means that all men and women are equal. It respects allegiance to one's country, but, at the same time, reinforces the idea that man is a citizen of the world. Brownfield put it this way: "Man made boundaries have been drawn and redrawn, separating the human race into many nations. But across these unnatural divisions there has been an intercourse in art, science, commerce and religion; evidence of man's universal brotherhood; proof that man himself, not his territorial divisions, is of basic worth."

 

" . . . That economic justice can best be won by free men through free enterprise . . . " The operative words here are " . . . can best be won . . . " Junior Chamber members believe that man should be free to use his skills and abilities to the limit in improving his economy. Brownfield expressed it this way: "Where economic improvement has been greatest, man has been free to follow his dream of making a personal fortune by doing something never done before, or by doing it better." He also said, " . . . the system of self development through private enterprise could be adapted with variations to suit local conditions in many parts of the world."

 

" . . . That government should be of laws rather than of men . . . “This simply means that no one should be above the law, and that the law should be the same for all people, no matter what status they hold in society. The government must be based on constitutional law, accepted and ratified by a majority of the people. The power to change laws and elect governments should remain in the hands of a majority of the people. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, spoke of a government “of the people, for the people, and by the people." This line crystallizes what President Lincoln was talking about so many decades ago. Brownfield expressed the meaning this way: "In a free society, the fundamental law is derived from the people. It is they who hold the final authority."

 

" . . . That earth's great treasure lies in human personality . . . " Every individual has a separate and unique personality. That is the main difference between humans and other creatures of the world. That uniqueness makes the human personality earth's greatest treasure. It cannot be duplicated nor can it be made. Brownfield's views on this line are: "True treasure lies in the hearts of men. There is about us a vast field of opportunity for cultivation of the human personality. It is not the quantity nor the length of life that gives it zest, but the quality of living, the achievement we make in terms of human progress."

 

" . . . And that service to humanity is the best work of life." This final tenet of the Declaration of Principles is the logical culmination of the preceding lines. A person who believes in the Declaration of Principles will most definitely find service to humanity to be the best work of life. Note the word humanity. Brownfield's interpretation to this line is, "The life lived unselfishly grows richer, deeper and fuller. Joy is more enduring and peace of mind, more certain. The world looks at the contribution such a life has made and marks the one who lived it as a benefactor of the race; yet he knows in truth the greater benefit has been his own."

 

No matter what a member's interpretation of the Declaration of Principles may be, he or she should always practice what he or she believes. Many unsuccessful attempts have been made to change the Declaration of Principles, but it has prevailed through the years and continues be the covenant that holds the organization together. Many members have made the Declaration of Principles their guide in life.

Junior Chamber International (JCI) is a worldwide federation of young professional and entrepreneurs between the ages of 18 and 40. The National organizations federated to Junior Chamber International are active in more than 8,000 chapters in 123 nations and territories. The mission is to contribute to the advancement of the global community by providing the opportunity for young people to develop the leadership skills, social responsibility, fellowship and entrepreneurship necessary to create positive change.


Junior Chamber International was founded in Mexico City on December 11, 1944, when representative from eight nations met to create an organization that would address global concerns. From these eight nations, Junior Chamber has grown to include more than 123 nations and spans every continent.


The JCI Headquarters was established in 1951 and is now in Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A. A professional staff of 35 full time employees provides services to JCI members. Its chief executive officer is Secretary General Benny Ellerbe. JCI is a non-governmental organization (NGO) with active participation in the United Nation Systems, including several UN agencies such as UNICEF and UNCTAD.


JCI has cooperation agreements with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), International Association of Students Economics and Management (AIESEC), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the United National Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the Inter- American Foundation (IAF).


JAYCEES or JUNIOR CHAMBER is a worldwide association of young people between the ages of 18 and 40, which welcomes all nationality races and religions. This is a unique organization which gives to its members an opportunity to undertake projects of a worthwhile nature in their own communities and at the same time to develop qualities within themselves that will make them better individuals. All member of Junior Chamber, from the World President to the newest member, through a process that is helping them become a better person.

 

Young people who join the Jaycees get an opportunity for improvement by participation in its internal and external programs, which make them more developed individuals than they would otherwise have been.

 

Junior Chamber is established in 15,000 communities throughout 100 member nations. Jaycees International (JCI), the international association of Junior Chambers, is the largest young people’s organization in the world with over 600,000 members. Its membership believes in the principles stated in the Jaycee Creed. It does not have an occupation classification as determination for membership except the age requirement. Basically a leadership training organization, its projects are action oriented.


THE BEGINNING OF JAYCEES Henry Gissenbier, a young man from St. Loius, Misouri, U.S.A felt that young people acting in a voluntary capacity could fashion new standard of life of their communities. On October 1915; he called a meeting, attended by 32 men, who left up an organization called the Young Men’s Progressive Civic Association. It was devoted to community betterment. The vigor and imagination of the youthful group attached the admiration of the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, which on February 11, 1918, asked the young men to consider the title “ Junior Chamber of Commerce” so was the name born. The movement spread, so that by June 1920, the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce marched on to Canada, New Zealand.


Over to Asia, over Europe and to Africa. In 1944, in Mexico City, the world organization, the Junior Chamber International was formed and since that date, JCI has fired the imagination of hundreds of thousands of young men across the face of the earth. In 1972, the World Organization officially adopted the name, “Jaycees International”. The Origin of Junior Chamber can be traced as formed the Herculaneium Dance Club with the main objective being the preservation of conservative dance style. Five years later, in 1915, Colonel H. N Morgan, a prominent St. Louis citizen, inspired the members of the dance club to become more involved in civic issues. Giessenbier and 32 other young men formed the Young Men’s Progressive Civic Association (YMPCA) on October 13, 1915. This organization grew to a membership of 750 in less than five months.


THE FIRST WORLD CONGRESS, two years later, In February of 1946, the first World Congress was held in Panama City. This Congress was attended by 44 delegates from different countries. The international organization was formally constituted, a temporary constitution was approved, and the word “Commerce” was omitted from the official name. Erasmo Chambonnet of Panama was elected the second JCI President at that Congress, and Australia and Canada were officially affiliated. In 1948 the JCI Creed was officially adopted at the IV JCI World Congress in Rio de Janeiro, and in 1952 a permanent Secretariat was established. In 1972 the name was changed to Jaycees International; however, 1n 1988 the name was changed back to Junior Chamber International.

VISION OF JCI VELLORE METRO


The Vellore Jaycees Metro is a small but effective group of men and women dedicated to self-improvement through community service. We consistently strive to make our town a better place to live. It is our desire to impress upon people of all ages the final line of the Jaycee Creed, namely that service to humanity is the best work of life!


The JCI Vellore Metro chapter was formed by a group of several men and has since evolved to include a large number of active men and women. These people are of diverse backgrounds from local business owners to members of major corporations. This diversity provides a variety of talents and skills to the organization while maintaining a commitment to the Jaycee value of community and individual development.


We take great pride in the metro town of Vellore and demonstrate this community interest not only through community-minded projects but also though participation in local events and participating actively in events sponsored by other local organizations.


Not only have the Vellore Metro Jaycees been an extremely successful community organization, but we enjoy numerous social activities including Social Projects, Cultural Events, Educational Competitions, Sporting Events and Free Training Programmes. We work at serving our community while having a great deal of fun.


The Vellore Metro Jaycees is not just a local group. We are also affiliated with JCI India,which comes under Asia Pacific Region of Junior Chamber International. These organizations provide additional events and ways to get involved. Come join tomorrow's leaders in action today!