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How to reach - VELLORE
The city does not have a functioning airport of its own, the nearest international airports are Chennai International Airport(130 km), Bengaluru International Airport (200 km) and the nearest domestic airport is Tirupati Airport (100 km).
Vellore has an unused airstrip at Allapuram. Proposal to make the airport fully functional by 2009 to allow operation by 45-seater ATR aircraft has been proposed by the government. The Tamil Nadu government has recently announced that it would speed up the construction of terminal buildings and thereby make the airport fully operational by 2009.
The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has embarked on an "idle airports activation programme" in the Southern region that includes Vellore. The Vellore airstrip, located on 51.5 acres (208,000 m2), was activated recently to facilitate regular flying by trainee pilots of the Madras Flying Club. The proposed Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Aeronautical science will be shifted from Sriperumbudur to Vellore.
Vellore city has a total of three railway stations. The main railway junction for Vellore lies at the northern part of the city at Katpadi, 7 km from Old Central Bus stand, 6.5 km from CMC and 5 km from the New Central Bus Terminus. The Railway Station is being expanded and beautified to accommodate the ever growing passenger numbers.
Two more stations, the Vellore Town and Vellore Cantonment are on the line connecting Katpadi Junction to Villipuram Junction. Regular train services from Vellore Cantonment have started from 10 Nov 2008. Trains are presently being operated via Katpadi to Arakonam, Jolarpettai,Chennai Beach and Tirupati. Once the Katpadi-Villupuram railway line is completed, more services would be operated. Vellore Demanding New Railway line to Tindivanam, Via Kanchipuram for a very long time.
Vellore is well connected to all major cities in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh,Kerala and Karnataka. Direct buses are available to Chennai, Bangalore, Tirupathi, Salem, Erode, Mysore, Chittoor, Kurnool, Trichy, Thiruvannamalai,Tindivanam, Villupuram, Kanyakumari, Arani, Kanchipuram, Kalpakkam, Gudiyatham and other major towns and cities in South India.
Vellore is located on NH 46, which connects Bangalore and Chennai (NH 4 from Ranipet to Chennai) and on Cuddalore - Chittoor highway, thus making it a major transit point for travelers. Golden Quadrilateral (the largest express highway project in India) makes the city extremely easy to access from both Bangalore and Chennai (in an average, 2 hours from Chennai and 3 hours from Bangalore).
Media and Communication
Leading Tamil, English and other regional languages newspapers are available in Vellore. English dailies such as, Deccan Chronicle, The New Indian Express, The Hindu, The Times of India and Deccan Herald are available in Vellore. Tamil dailies; Thinaththanthi, Dinamalar, Dinakaran, Dinamani and Maalaimalar are printed in Vellore.
Vellore falls under Tamil Nadu Telecom circle.
A station of All India Radio is located in Vellore. The city has several Local TV Channels.
CusinesVellore is famous for its cuisines and food. Its non veg cuisine is famous, especially Vellore Serva, a preparation made from brinjal which is used as a side dish with briyani is extremely famous.
Vellore assembly constituency is part of Vellore (Lok Sabha constituency).
Remarkable places in Vellore
Vellore Fort built in 16th century by Sinna Bommi Nayak, a vasal chieftain under the Vijayanagar kings, Sada Sriranga Maharaja. It is constructed of granite blocks and surrounded by a moat which is supplied by a subterranean drain fed from a tank. Later, it became the fortress of Mortaza Ali, the brother-in-law of Chanda Sahib who claimed the Arcot throne, and was taken by the Adil Shah sultans of Bijapur.
In 1676, it passed briefly into the hands of the Marathas until they, in turn, were displaced by the nawab, Daud Khan, of Delhi in 1708. The British occupied the fort in 1760, following the fall of Srirangapatnam and the death of Tipu Sultan
In the Fort the fortification consists of a main rampart broken at irregular intervals by round towers and rectangular projections. The main walls are built of massive granite stones surrounded by a broad moat fed with water by subterranean drains from the Suryagunta tank. Within the fort is the similarly aged Jalakanteswara Temple.
The fort is one of the most perfect specimens of military architecture in Southern India. One of the interesting features of this fort is that there is a Hindu temple, Chrishtian Church and Mosque within its ramparts.
The Fort also houses the famous "Tipu Mahal", where Tipu Sultan is believed to have stayed with his family during the war with the British. The graveyards of Tipu's sons are found at Vellore. The Fort is under the control of the Archeological Survey of India. The Vellore Fort has been declared as a "Monument of National Importance". The fort has today become a must see for visitors thronging Vellore.
This temple, built around 1550 A.D, is still a gem of late Vijayanagar architecture and is a popular place of worship. This ancient temple is named after Jalakanteswara, or “Lord Siva residing in the water.” Its pillared mandapam, famed for its sculptures is considered a masterpiece of it's time. This temple is located in the Vellore Fort, near the north wall of the fort.
VELLORE MUTINY 1806
First Independence Attempt against British starts in Vellore
The First War of Independence has been the Vellore Mutiny of 1806 that broke out after orders had been issued to the Madras Infantry to remove caste marks and beards, trim moustaches and wear new headgear with leather decorations. Thomas Munro was to later say "the general opinion (was) that it was intended to make the sepoys Christians." And this was 50 years before Meerut!
There were several other uprisings against the Company in the first half of the 19th century in what are the States of the South today. The ruler of Travancore in 1808-09 revolted against the Company trying to impress its authority on his territory. Between 1800 and 1857 there were 11 uprisings in Karnataka, Tontia Tope with a Mahratta alliance in 1800, Chennamma in 1824 and the Canara revolt in 1827 the most serious. In Andhra, the Chittoor poligars revolted in 1804 and in 1846 there was the Narasimha Reddy-led uprising in Cuddappah. All of them were crushed. But unlike what happened after 1857, the Company and its allies determinedly followed a scorched earth policy after almost every local rebellion in the South.
What, however, needs to be remembered when looking at all these mutinies and rebellions as well as the rather larger-scale events of 1857 is that the idea of Indian nationalism did not exist at the time in the fragmented subcontinent. That nationalism had its beginnings only in the 1890s and flowered only in the early years of the 20th century. Thus, to call these tragic events wars for independence is to exaggerate. Even the mutineers of 1857 and their subsequent political allies did not march on Calcutta to drive out the dominant John Company; most of them hastened to Delhi to request the Mughal emperor, representative of another conquering power but himself subservient to the British, to lead them! Not seeking that leadership was nearly two-thirds of the sub-continent beyond the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain. These outbreaks against authority, uprisings at best, were all local in nature, a consequence of felt-wrongs done to personal beliefs or due to the curtailment of personal power and wealth. A war for the independence of India none of them was.
Vellore Mutiny Memorial Pillar is located at the Chennai-Bangalore-Arni Road Junction near Vellore North Police Station, NE direction of the Fort.
CMCH - Christian Medical College and Hospital
Founded by Dr. Ida S.Scudder is one of the most advanced hospital in the country and second largest in Asia Pacific Region. The facilities available and the competency of the physicians is certainly among the best worldwide. In healthcare, Vellore is on the global map of excellence.
The page in Wikipedia contributed by our Zone Trainer Jc.S.Murali
The Vellore Institute of Technology (popularly known as VIT)
Vellore Institute of Technology, a deemed university simply known as VIT is in Vellore. VIT has been ranked as the Best Private Engineering University in India by the Magazine India Today. VIT is also the first Indian University to be accredited by the prestigious IEE (Institution of Electrical Engineers), London. VIT University has six schools of study under its umbrella. VIT also houses the VIT Business School which is ranked among the 50 Best in India. VIT has students from all over India and over 20 countries studying in its vast and lush campus. VIT gets 'A' grade from NAAC.
Sripuram Golden Temple
Sri Lakshmi Narayani Temple located in sripuram in Thirumalaikkodi, about 7 km from Vellore Centre. It is a unique temple has been coated with gold both in the interior and exterior. Twelve layers of gold foils have been pasted on copper sheets embossed with the design of gods and fixed on the walls. One and a half tones of gold have gone into the design of the Sri Lakshmi Narayani Temple, which has been built at a cost of Rs. 300 crore. 100 – Acre site. The temple has been designed in such a way that visitors can reach the golden temple only after going through a star-shaped pathway, which has the message from the Vedas on the both sides.
Vellore Central Jail
The Vellore Central Prison, set up in 1830 A.D. is another historically important land mark as some eminent personalities and freedom fighters like Rajaji, C.N.Annadurai, Kamaraj, the former presidents of India V. V. Giri, R. Venkataraman and other political leaders like Vaiko, had served their prison terms here.This Prison was constructed during the year 1867. The total area of this Prison is 153 acres (0.62 km2). The authorised accommodation is 2130. The architectural design of this Prison is radial blocks with tower.
Special Prison for Women, Vellore This Prison started functioning from 15.04.1836. This is a pioneering Institution in the country started for the welfare of women. This Prison was originally named as Presidency Jail for Women Prisoners. The area occupied by this Prison is 13.62 acres (55,100 m2). The authorised accommodation is 412. This Prison is managed by Women Officers and staff.
There is a nursery and crèche available in this Prison to look after the welfare of the children accompanying the Prisoners. Largest Jail in the vellore Convicts sentenced to imprisonment are confined in the jail from various districts of the Presidency as well as from Burma. Many prisoners sentenced to transpiration by the courts of this Presidency are retained when considered physically unfit for deportation to Andaman.
The expenditure in the jail is recovered by the value of the convict labour. The chief industry carried out in the jail is weaving. A great variety of clothes of variouspatterns as well as table clothes, gunnies, choir mats,The manufacture was first taught to the convicts by a carpet weaver of Ellore. The fabrics are excellently woven and find ready sale in England. Carpentry, shoe making,iron and brass work and tent making are also carried on and the prison is well worth a visit. By extreme hard work and good conduct, convicts may earn a remission not exceeding 1/6th of the total period of imprisonment awarded them.
Vellore Museum - This state Government Museum is inside the fort and can be found on map. This Museum was opened to the public in 1985. It consists of objects of art, archaeology, pre-history, weapons, sculptures, bronzes, wood carvings, handicrafts, numismatics, philately, botany, geology and zoology. It treasures ancient and present day curios relating to Anthropology, Art and Archaeology, Botany, Geology, Numismatics, Pre-history, Zoology, etc.
The historical monuments of the erstwhile composite North Arcot District are gracefully depicted in the Gallery. Special exhibits include Bronze double antenna sword from Vellore Taluk, dating back to 400 BC., Stone sculptures from Late Pallava to Vijayanagar periods, Ivory chess board and coins used by the last Kandian King of Sri Lanka, Vikrama Raja Singha. The educational activities of this Museum include Art camp for school students, Study of inscriptions and iconography for college students etc.
Church of South India one of the biggest church RCA (Reform Church of America). The church is nearly 150 years old. British Soldiers who died during the sepoy Mutiny are buried in the vicinity of this church. This is the oldest church in Vellore District located inside the Fort.
Regional Institute of Correctional Administrative
There is a Warders Training Centre at Vellore which conducts 6 months training for Grade II Warders. This Institute also imparts in-service training to Grade I & II Warders. This training centre imparts training in the handling of Modern Weapons, drill and management of Prisons with emphasis on Human Rights. The in-service includes training in Karate & Ninja, Commando, Un-armed combat, Bomb disposal, PSO Temporary Warders training centre at Trichy and Coimbatore started to the train the newly recruited warders.
There is a Regional Institute of Correctional Administration at Vellore for imparting training to officers. This institute is jointly managed by four Southern States viz. Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Kerala. The object of this institute is to have trained officers in the correctional service who can be able to rehabilitate, re-socialize and reintegrate the offenders in the community effectively.